How to teach a child to jump17.09.2022
Some babies begin to jump on their own at two or three years, while others do not develop this skill even at an older age. Pediatricians insist that it is important to learn how to perform jumps on time and correctly in order to avoid problems with the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, preparation for the development of this skill should begin from the first months of a baby’s life.
However, it is not worth overloading the baby with activities, because his body is not yet ready for excessive stress, and the joints and ligaments are easily damaged.
To avoid difficulties and health problems, it is important to know the right age for learning to jump and the right techniques.
At what age do children start jumping
Each kid develops in his own rhythm, but the approximate age of the beginning of independent jumps is two to three years. Preparation should begin from the first months of a child’s life, gradually accustoming him to physical activity. At first it will be a massage, as well as simple exercises that need to be complicated as the crumbs grow.
A one-year-old baby may already begin to try to bounce in place, holding on to his parents or other support. Experts do not recommend stimulating a child to jump without support, as well as on a hard surface up to 3 years. During this period, the ligaments and joints of the crumbs are still very vulnerable, so jumping can cause dislocations, sprains and other injuries. If the baby really wants to jump, use a trampoline (but not longer than 10 minutes!).
You can start preparing for a full-fledged jump as early as 14 months. The most suitable simulator for this is a fitball. Its elastic surface reduces the load on the musculoskeletal system and helps protect the child from injury. It is important to remember that such exercises should be performed with the support of adults for both arms of the baby.
Before starting any physical exercise, do not forget to consult a pediatrician and orthopedist!
The benefits of jumping
In the process of jumping in the baby’s body, a large number of muscle groups are involved. This has a positive effect on the overall development of the child and the proper functioning of many systems of his body, namely:
- increases the strength of the bones of the lower extremities;
- the forms of the surfaces of the joints are improved;
- improves coordination of movements;
- trains dexterity, eye and orientation in space;
- improves thinking, memory, imagination and perception.
Before training, you must make sure that the baby’s body is ready for such loads.
In order to learn how to jump, a child must have developed leg muscles and be able to keep balance. Correct posture is just as important. To ensure all these conditions will help the regular implementation of such simple exercises as:
- “bicycle” (the baby lies on his back, and the mother takes turns bending his legs to the tummy, imitating cycling);
- walking on a log or on a rope laid out on the floor;
- maintaining balance while standing on one leg;
- walking on the heels and outside of the foot;
- walking barefoot on a relief surface (sand, pebbles, special rugs);
- rolling a ball or stick with the foot;
- holding small objects with toes.
This stage may take several months. The main thing is not to rush the baby and be sure to praise him for his success. The more “motor” experience a child has, the faster he will be able to master a variety of jumping skills. The main one is jumping on two legs.
How to teach a child to jump on two legs
Step 1. Show an example
To better understand the mechanics of jumping, show him how to properly perform this action from the side: bend your knees, leaving the ground low.
Step 2. Helping the baby
In order for the child to better remember the correct movements, start learning to jump using a fitball.
- Fix the ball between your legs or furniture.
- Place the child on it, gently supporting it just above the elbows.
- Help the baby make springy movements with his legs until he starts to push himself off the surface of the ball.
- Do the exercise every day (a few minutes).
The main condition is that the child should enjoy classes. If the crumbs are not in the mood or the process makes him uncomfortable, postpone the exercise.
Step 3. Jump in place
First, tell and show the child how to land correctly after the jump: first on the toes, and then on the whole foot. Then start learning.
It is better to start training on a soft surface: a bed or a carpet. At first, the baby will have difficulty coordinating arms and legs, so he will most likely fall.
- The kid stands on a flat surface with a straight back and arms lowered along the body. One leg is parallel to the other.
- Then he squats slightly and pushes off the floor, while straightening his legs and helping himself with his hands.
- After that, the baby lands on half-bent legs.
During the jump, the legs must be kept straight.
Usually, children learn full-fledged jumps by about 4 years. When the baby has mastered this skill well, you can move on to more complex exercises.
Learning new techniques
If before the child just took a step from the hills, now he can try to jump off them. For this, a stair step or curb is suitable.
Demonstrate to your child that you don’t have to push too hard to do this. It is enough just to jump off the object with both feet.
This exercise is complicated by the fact that the child needs to push not just up, but up and forward at the same time. Again, you need to show the execution technique by your own example.
Jumping on one leg
You can start them only when the baby learns to keep balance well.
First, let the child simply try to stand on each leg in turn, helping himself with his hands. Then show your child how to push off the ground with one foot and land correctly on the other – first on the toe, then on the entire surface of the foot.
It is best to add an element of the game to each stage of training. So the baby will be much more interesting to study, and he will quickly learn new skills.
There are many ways to combine physical activity with fun games.
Ask your child to show how a bunny, kangaroo, frog or sparrow jumps. Don’t forget to join this exciting process yourself!
Use of toys
Place a toy over your baby’s head and ask them to grab it while jumping. Or lay out some items at a short distance from each other and give the child a task: to collect them in a basket. The main condition is to jump to each of them.
Another method is to teach a child to jump at a target. To do this, you can mark a “target” on the floor and ask the baby to land on it from a small elevation.
For games, you can use a hoop. He will play the role of a “swamp”, and one or more children will be “frogs”. Rules of the game: “frogs” take turns jumping into the swamp, and then jumping out of it.
From objects of different heights, you can make a real “obstacle course” in the room. Let the kid go along the route with obstacles and jump over each of them.
Making games more difficult
From about 5-6 years old, games need to be complicated. For example:
- cross your legs in a jump;
- jump over obstacles;
- bounce while turning around;
- move forward on one leg;
- at the same time as jumping, do claps or cross your arms.
If you add suitable rhymes, nursery rhymes or songs to the game, this will not only cheer up the baby, but also help him develop a sense of rhythm and memory. You can use verses that have such suitable words as:
- “jumping gallop”;
- “from foot to foot”, etc.
“Jumped along the path,
Jump jump, jump jump.
The guys have straight backs,
Jump jump, jump jump.
Jump like balls
Girls and boys!”.
When the baby has mastered all types of jumps, you can complicate classes using a jump rope.
This type of physical activity is very useful for kids, namely:
- the muscles of the whole body are strengthened;
- trains agility and endurance;
- the spine develops;
- reduces the risk of developing scoliosis;
- strengthens the heart system.
To make it easier for a child to learn a new skill, it is important to choose the right rope. The optimal length is when the baby is standing in the middle of the jump rope, its handles on each side should reach his armpits. If you can’t find a suitable rope in the store, you can shorten it yourself.
- The kid learns to handle the rope using only his hands. To do this, he takes her by the handles and rotates, keeping her elbows as even as possible.
- Then, using the hands, the child must throw the jump rope back and forth.
- Foot rolls: from heel to toe and from toe to heel.
- To learn how to get into the rhythm, the baby learns to clap to the beat of a certain melody or tapping.
So that by the time of the main training (about 5-6 years old) the child does not have any difficulties, you can start performing such exercises as early as 3 years old.
After the preparatory stage is mastered, you can proceed to the simplest exercise: two kids slowly rotate the rope, and the third jumps over it.
1. Simple warm-up. It is necessary in order to prepare the muscles and ligaments of the child for the load. For this you need:
- stretch the joints of the arms and legs in a circular motion;
- walk alternately on heels and toes;
- make a few jumps.
2. Beginning of training. You just need to throw the rope back and forth, while stepping over it.
3. Acceleration. The pace accelerates, gradually approaching the run.
4. Adding jumps. As soon as the baby learns to jump over the rope in motion, jumps are added to the exercise.
It must be remembered that not all guys jump rope on the first try. It is important to support and praise the baby even for the smallest successes.
To help a child quickly master the skill of jumping rope, a developing simulator will help, which is a plastic ring to which a tube with a wheel is attached.
The ring is put on one leg, and the baby jumps, while jumping over the tube. Thanks to this useful device, the baby better understands the mechanics of movements and learns to respond to an obstacle in the form of a rope.
Before starting classes with a skipping rope, you must make sure that the child does not have:
- joint diseases;
- excess weight;
- disorders in the work of the cardiovascular system.
When learning to jump, it is important to choose the right and safe place. Make sure that there are no objects around the baby that he can knock on when falling. It is better to conduct classes away from the corners of the bed or table.
You can’t do a “training” if the baby is sick, tired, or has just had an illness. It is also necessary to consult a doctor about the safety of any physical activity if the crumbs have recently been vaccinated.
Learning to jump is important to start with simple exercises, gradually complicating them. With the right approach, the baby will eventually learn to perform even the most complex movements. And this type of activity will help him to better cope with physical activity, not only in kindergarten, but also at school.
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- Jumping gallop. Jumping exercises for children from 2-3 years old, website .
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