How to teach a baby to crawl

How to teach a baby to crawl

06.09.2022 0 By admin

According to pediatricians, crawling is necessary for the proper physical and emotional development of the child. There are several ways and techniques to help your baby learn to crawl. This includes the personal example of the parents, and the teaching of movements with the help of gymnastics, and the motivation of the child to crawl to his favorite toy.

It happens that some children skip the crawling period and immediately begin to learn to walk. However, doctors advise to stimulate the development of this skill, since in the future it will have a beneficial effect on the health of the child. We will tell you how to teach your baby to crawl, and why it is so useful.

At what age do babies start crawling

How to teach a baby to crawl
The age at which the baby begins to crawl is different for everyone and depends on many factors.

Every baby develops at their own pace, so there are no exact recommendations on when he should start crawling. The average age of development of such a skill is six to nine months. It depends on many factors.

  1. Gender crumb. According to the observations of specialists, girls are usually ahead of boys in development by 1-2 months.
  2. Health condition . The presence of neurological or orthopedic diseases in the baby can delay the onset of physical activity.
  3. Weight . The heavier the baby, the more difficult it is for his spine to cope with the load.
  4. Date of birth . As a rule, babies born at term begin to crawl before premature babies.
  5. Help of parents . Daily gymnastics and massage help the baby learn to crawl faster. In addition, this process is positively influenced by praise, encouragement and a positive attitude from mom and dad.

One of the signs that it is time for a child to start crawling is confident and independent sitting.

Why crawling is good

In an effort to speed up the development of the child, some mothers and fathers “rush” the baby: they begin to put it on its legs and try to teach it to walk. Or they buy such additional devices as walkers and wheelchairs for this. However, modern pediatricians are against this approach.

Of course, if the baby is trying in every possible way to stand on his own legs, you should not prevent him from doing this. However, there are a number of reasons why it is still better not to skip the crawling stage, since when moving a child on all fours:

  • there is a strengthening of the entire muscular system;
  • correct posture is formed;
  • reduces the risk of spinal curvature;
  • the vestibular apparatus is strengthened;
  • there is a sense of balance;
  • an idea of your body is formed;
  • the connection between the right and left hemispheres of the brain is strengthened;
  • the spine is strengthened and prepared for walking;
  • actively exploring the environment.

Stages of development of crawling skills

  1. Lying on the stomach (3-4 months) . The child tries to hold his head, rests his heels on the crib or mother’s hand. He tries to push off from the support and pulls the handles forward.
  2. Crawling “like a plastuna” (5-7 months) . The baby actively turns the body to the right and left, pushes off with his hands and crawls on his stomach. At the same time, he is looking for a fulcrum for the legs, pushes and bends them. During this period, the child already knows how to synchronize the movements of the body, eyes and head.
  3. Jumps and rearrangement of hands (6-8 months) . The kid persistently moves forward or backward, raking in arms and legs. One leg can be dragged or be tucked under the stomach. At the same time, he can try to overcome the distance by “jumping”. All this is considered the norm, so it should not cause concern to the mother.
  4. On all fours (7-9 months) . At first, the crumbs may not be able to simultaneously rearrange the desired arm and leg. It will tumble in all directions. But gradually the baby will learn to move very quickly in this way.

In order for the child to successfully master all the stages, parents need to help him a little.

How to teach a child to crawl on all fours

How to teach a child to crawl step by step
You can teach a child to crawl on all fours in 4 stages.

Step 1. Motivation

If the child has no interest in physical activity, he should be called like this:

  • put the baby on the tummy;
  • put a bright toy or an unfamiliar object at some distance in front of him.

Of course, the baby will want to reach him, and for this you will need to make some effort. You can help the little one a little by placing your palm under his feet for support.

Do not place the toy too far away. Otherwise, the baby will quickly get tired and lose interest in it.

Even if the child does not succeed in crawling the first time, do not give up trying. Each such “training” will gradually prepare him to achieve new successes.

Step 2. Muscle Strengthening

Starting from 3 months, the baby is already learning the first independent movements – turning from back to stomach. Gradually, his physical activity increases, the necessary skills appear. In order to prepare the baby’s body for stress in advance, pediatricians recommend massage sessions during this period.

Massage can be done independently or use the services of a specialist. The main thing is to coordinate with the doctor the intensity and types of such exercises.

It can be:

  • crossing the arms on the chest;
  • flexion and extension of the legs;
  • turns from back to stomach and vice versa;
  • light tingling of the back and buttocks;
  • lifting the body from a prone position;
  • leg straightening;
  • light strokes of the whole body.

Massage is useful not only for the development of the musculoskeletal system. It has a beneficial effect on the nervous and vascular system.

It is important not to carry out any manipulations with the child without the permission of the pediatrician! Before starting massage sessions, you must definitely find out about the presence of possible contraindications.

Step 3: Learning Exercises

Every day, offer your child exercises that will imitate the movements during crawling and strengthen muscle memory.

  1. Lay the baby on your back. Alternately bend and unbend his legs at the knees.
  2. Put the baby on the tummy. Bend your legs at the knees, while moving them to the sides. The movements should resemble the swimming of a frog.
  3. Take the child lying on the tummy by the legs and lift them slightly, pushing his body forward. This will force the baby to lean on the handles and begin to move around on them.
  4. Place a pillow or rolled-up blanket under your baby’s tummy so that her arms and legs do not touch the surface. In search of support, the child will try to get on all fours and gradually get used to this position.

All exercises should be performed smoothly, without sudden movements. It is enough to do them 2-3 times a day for 10-15 minutes. If the baby is naughty and resists classes, it is better to complete the procedure.

Step 4 Showing an Example

Children copy the behavior of others from a very early age. Show them how fun it is to move around the carpet on all fours, and they will immediately try to repeat after you.

You can involve older brothers or sisters in such a game, as well as older and “experienced” children of girlfriends in this matter. The main thing is to organize a suitable and safe place for classes.

Correct space

How to teach a baby to crawl
It is most convenient for the baby to be on a flat surface, for example, on the floor with a warm carpet.

The best place to crawl is on the floor. Soft surfaces are not suitable for these purposes, as they are not very comfortable in terms of movement. In addition, in this case, there is a risk of falling.

If the floor is cold, cover it with a blanket and put a diaper on top. Hard carpets can damage baby’s delicate skin. In such a situation, special knee pads will help to get out of the situation.

To assess the level of safety, the mother should lie on the floor and look at the surrounding space through the eyes of a child. The main hazards to watch out for are:

  • sockets and wires;
  • sharp corners;
  • fragile or sharp objects within reach;
  • small parts;
  • loose chest of drawers or shelving that can tip over if a child pulls on it.

It is also worth checking how comfortable the baby is dressed: whether the clothes restrict his movement, whether the seams and fasteners rub.

Crawling trainers

When the child begins to make the first progress in crawling, you can add additional elements of the game to the lessons.

  1. “Obstacle Course” It can be made from towels rolled into a roller. Pillows or soft toys can be added to impromptu interference. The baby will gladly not only overcome such obstacles, but also crawl between them.
  2. Fitball. A large rubber ball is one of the favorite children’s devices. It can be used for both games and sports activities. Lay the baby on it, tummy down. At the same time, his arms and legs will hang down on the sides of the ball. Gently rock the ball so that the little one alternately transfers weight from hands to feet.
  3. Track by Glen Doman . Surface made of soft material with side skirts. It is recommended to use it at an angle, which can be changed as the child grows.

If the child “weirdly” crawls

How to teach a child to crawl what to do
If the child does not get on all fours by 9-10 months, this should be the reason for going to the doctor, in other cases, this is often the norm of development.

Sometimes parents are alarmed by the behavior of the crumbs while crawling. For example, he can freeze on all fours and begin to sway in different directions. However, there is nothing wrong with this. So the little one learns to keep balance and checks the capabilities of his vestibular apparatus. Do not rush him at this time. Better turn on rhythmic music or connect to the game, telling the rhyme to the beat of his movements.

Often, mom’s concern is that the baby crawls not forward, but backward. At first, this is considered normal. In this position, the muscles and spine of the child experience less stress, which means that it becomes easier for him to move. However, if this type of crawling becomes the main one, and the child refuses to move forward, it is worth consulting with a specialist.

There are other symptoms that should alert the mother.

When to See a Doctor

If by the age of 9-10 months the baby does not get on all fours, despite daily massage and gymnastics, this should be a reason to contact the doctor. A neurologist or orthopedist will help solve the problem.

Reasons for violations can be:

  • diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
  • weak back or limb muscles;
  • weight problems;
  • neurological problems;
  • permanent stay in a confined space (playpen or crib);
  • character traits.

Mom and dad should remember that it is impossible to teach a child to crawl in one day. The baby develops at a pace convenient for him, and if there are no health problems, then over time he will definitely learn to move on all fours.

The main thing is to be patient and in no case show your child your irritation or disappointment. The more support he will feel from his parents, the easier it will be for him to learn.


  1. When and how to teach a child to crawl: exercises and useful recommendations from a doctor, website .
  2. When a child begins to crawl and how to teach him this site .
  3. How to teach a child to crawl: tips and exercises, website .
  4. How to teach a child to crawl, site .

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