Psycho-emotional disorders in a child

Psycho-emotional disorders in a child

29.07.2022 0 By admin

The reasons for the child’s bad behavior can be different: from the peculiarities of upbringing and behavior in the family to the presence of psycho-emotional disorders in the child.

Psycho-emotional disorders are a group of mental disorders that may indicate the development of mental illness or be independent disorders.

Ekaterina Kuzmina, a child psychiatrist atthe European Medical Center (EMC) , talks about such disorders and their early diagnosis.

What psycho-emotional problems are common in young children

Psycho-emotional disorders in children
If you think that your child has psycho-emotional problems, it is better to immediately contact a specialist.

The definition of psycho-emotional disorders, as they say, “by eye” is difficult. It happens that we see a healthy child who has some behavioral disorders associated with the fact that his temperament does not match the temperament of his parents. Mom and dad complain about the behavior of the child, it seems to them that he deliberately disobeys, does something out of spite. In such cases, we conduct a complete diagnosis of the child’s health and communicate in detail with both him and his parents.

But there are also cases when parents are worried about obvious deviations from the norm. For example, a child after 2 years of age has no speech, he does not fulfill requests, does not fix his eyes, does not eat on his own and is not interested in this procedure. In addition, parents should pay attention to the child’s selective appetite, lack of tidying skills, refusal of the potty, difficulty concentrating, restlessness, mood swings, difficulties in communicating with other children. If you are concerned about these problems, we recommend that you take your child to see a doctor as soon as possible.

When to See a Doctor

Psycho-emotional problems in children diagnostics
Only in the course of a complete diagnosis can any psychological problems in a child be identified.

Early diagnosis of psychoemotional disorders is usually carried out in children from 2 years of age. At this age, the baby should already begin to actively gain vocabulary and be interested in the outside world. A complete diagnosis is carried out by a speech pathologist, a neuropsychologist and a psychiatrist. To determine or exclude childhood autism, in some cases, it is possible to conduct a special diagnosis of ADOS.

Parents are present at the psychiatric examination, and the doctor monitors the peculiarities of the child’s free behavior. While the baby is getting used to the office, the specialist talks with the parents, evaluates the baby’s simple mental functions (thinking, emotional reactions, attention, memory and integrative functions), speech, communication and play activities. Such methods of observation and evaluation are also needed by parents in order to relieve some of the anxieties about the child.

During the diagnosis, the doctor can identify a child with a delay in speech development, childhood autism, neuroses, general mental underdevelopment and difficulties in controlling emotions.

How to respond to parents

Psycho-emotional problems in children what to do
It is best to solve the problems of the child’s psycho-emotional state in a playful way.

Parents can be advised to approach the solution of any problems, including the search for emotional contact, in a playful way.

The child first of all reads the emotions of his parents. No need to force him to do the same manipulations and try to correct his behavior by force, argue and constantly make comments to him. For example, asking the same questions all the time: “what color”, “show different parts of the body”, etc. This can ultimately cause the child to become isolated, unwilling to make contact.

Also, in order to reduce the manifestations of negative reactions on his part, it is worth switching the child’s attention from irritating factors to another type of activity in a playful manner.

If you do not turn to a specialist in a timely manner and do not correct the child’s behavior, conflict relationships with parents will be fixed. And not only them. Without contacting a specialist, this condition, with certain features, can be delayed. The child’s behavior will receive an undesirable development, which will be joined by additional symptoms. The baby may become more irritable and capricious and, as a result, the number of conflicts in the family will increase. Anxiety disorders, a tendency to depressive states, fantasies and affective reactions can join the existing ones. Therefore, it is worthwhile to turn to specialized specialists for diagnostics and get full-fledged help.

Bibliography

  1. Albitskaya Zh.V. Age-related features of emotional disorders in children with various mental disorders // Medical Almanac. – 2017. – No. 5 (50). – pp. 144-146

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