What to do if the skin peels off on the fingers of a child25.05.2022
If the skin on the fingers of a child peels off, an examination by a pediatrician is necessary
Causes of peeling skin
Most often, the skin begins to peel off in the spring or late autumn, when there is an acute shortage of vitamins (especially A and E), and hands are prone to hypothermia. Due to the large number of microvessels, children’s skin is sensitive to a lack of moisture, cold air. Therefore, in response to dryness, peeling occurs – epidermal cells begin to die faster.
The skin on the fingers of the child begins to peel off and with the appearance of itching. It can be localized on the palmar surfaces and the back of the hands, between the fingers. Severe itching leads to scratching, gradual desquamation of the epidermis. Peeling can be both small areas and fairly large layers.
The problem may appear with insufficient drinking regimen, increased dryness of the surrounding air. Other factors that cause flaky skin:
- allergic diseases – skin lesions occur in atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis), eczema;
- fungal infection – some forms of mycoses affect children’s skin and lead to the appearance of flaky spots;
- streptococcal infection – scarlet fever is accompanied by large-lamellar peeling of the palms and soles;
- coxsackie virus
- intestinal dysbacteriosis – accompanied by a change in the composition of the microflora and a violation of immune responses;
- helminthiasis – may be accompanied by allergic reactions and vitamin deficiency;
- stress and emotional problems – cause changes in the behavior of the child, he can involuntarily comb himself.
The skin on the pads may come off due to trauma. Sometimes children grab hot objects in the kitchen, but short-term contact does not form a full-fledged burn. Partially, the cells die, so there is a large peeling.
Children’s skin can be harmed by long-term antibiotic treatment, severe diseases of internal organs. Sometimes the skin can peel off under the influence of chemicals. To determine the causes of peeling, you need to visit a doctor and undergo an examination.
Which doctor to contact
If the skin is peeling at the tips, a pediatrician is needed. The doctor will be able to suggest the main cause of the pathology, if necessary, send to narrow specialists:
- infectious disease specialist;
During the examination and history taking, the doctor can already guess the source of the problem. In scarlet fever, large-lamellar peeling on the pads of the hands and feet is a pathognomonic sign. Before this, the child’s body temperature rises, sore throats, punctate rash on the body are noted.
When the skin is damaged, it peels off with the appearance of painful areas. Burns are accompanied by the appearance of blisters with transparent or bloody contents. Contact with aggressive chemicals leads to redness of the hands, severe pain.
A fungal infection is diagnosed by a dermatologist using a special technique. For analysis, peeling areas are taken and subjected to microscopy. If cells or hyphae are found in the preparation, this confirms a mycotic infection. Most often, hand fungus begins with peeling between the fingers.
The skin of a child can peel off due to eczema, psoriasis. Therefore, a consultation with a dermatologist is required.
To suspect an allergic reaction, it is necessary to establish a connection with the substances that caused it. Children most often have allergies to food products, cosmetics. To accurately determine the cause, you should determine the range of potential sensitizers, keep a food diary.
Rarely, peeling in childhood appears with liver pathology.
Why the skin is broken is sometimes difficult to establish. To clarify the nature of the pathology and its source, you may have to be examined by several doctors.
The cause of peeling can be an allergy or a fungus.
Treatment of skin diseases in childhood is carried out in a complex manner with a focus on the etiology of the disease. In cases where beriberi is to blame for everything, it is necessary to compensate for the vitamin deficiency with the help of special complexes. Also, parents should monitor the diet of the child. It should contain a sufficient amount of plant foods, meat, vegetables, nuts. It is necessary to optimize the drinking regime, monitor the indicators of the microclimate in the room.
Thermal or chemical burns are treated with special means to restore the epidermis. Dexpanthenol in the form of a spray or cream (Panthenol, Bepanten) helps to heal the damage.
With a fungal infection in children, systemic drugs are used only with extensive damage to the smooth skin and scalp. Most often, topical therapy is sufficient. It is carried out with such drugs:
- clotrimazole cream;
The specific medication is chosen by the doctor, since some of them are contraindicated for children under 5 years of age. If the tests showed helminthic invasion, treatment with an anthelmintic suspension or tablets is necessary for all family members at once in order to exclude re-infection. At any signs of an allergy it is necessary to reduce the phenomena of hypersensitivity. For this, antihistamines are used. Children are allowed Fenistil, Fenkarol, Piperazine, Suprastin. They reduce itching, which contribute to the faster disappearance of peeling.
Infection requires broad-spectrum antibiotics. Otherwise, there may be complications from the heart, kidneys, joints.
The skin of a child reflects the state of his health. When rashes and peeling appear, you can not self-medicate. The disease can go into an advanced stage and be less responsive to therapy. Only a doctor is able to correctly diagnose and select the necessary drugs.
See also: hyperhidrosis in children