What is an artificial climax and why is it needed

What is an artificial climax and why is it needed

25.05.2022 0 By admin

Artificial menopause is a condition used to eliminate various female diseases that are hormonally dependent. Depending on the technique, it may be reversible or irreversible. It is prescribed to patients of different ages, including young nulliparous girls.

artificial menopause

Artificial menopause blocks the production of sex hormones

The essence of the technique

Artificial menopause is widely used in gynecology and endocrinology in order to stop the work of the sex glands and break the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian relationship. The essence of the procedure is the use of various methods that block the work of the ovaries and stop the secretion of sex hormones. As a result, menstruation stops in women, which is due to the absence of changes in the state of the functional layer of the uterus.

Indications

The main indication for treatment is a disease that is dependent on sex hormones. Most often, estrogen becomes a provocateur. It is produced by the sex glands and provokes the progression of the disease.

Natural menopause occurs in women after 40 years. Depending on the initial state of the ovaries and obstetric history, this age varies in one direction or another. It is necessary to induce premature menopause in the following conditions:

  • benign tumor of the myometrium;
  • endometriosis of the external or internal form;
  • breakthrough bleeding from the uterus, the cause of which is not determined;
  • malignant hormone-dependent tumors;
  • hormonal disorders that are not amenable to easier correction.

Stopping the secretory activity of the gonads leads to the fact that hormones cease to be produced. Climax provides an improvement in the state of the body and allows the use of additional effective methods of treating pathology – surgical, minimally invasive.

way out of the climax

The exit from menopause is accompanied by the restoration of ovarian function

Methods

There are several ways to introduce a patient into an artificial menopause. The appropriate method is chosen according to indications, age and desire to have children in the future.

  1. Surgery. If the patient has oncology of the gonads, this is the only way to cause menopause. An open operation is prescribed, during which pathological tissues are excised. This technique is irreversible. If treatment is necessary for young girls, it is recommended to pre-freeze the eggs for further use during IVF.
  2. Radiological or radiation technique. This method is quite traumatic, therefore it is used in extreme cases. How to cause menopause in this way? Introduction to menopause is carried out by irradiation of the ovaries. As a result, they lose their function. In the future, recovery does not occur completely and not in all women. Much depends on the age of the patient.
  3. Medical technique. The most preferred way to stop the ovaries from working is by taking medications. Patients are assigned an individual scheme for the use of hormonal drugs in the form of injections, tablets or nasal aerosols. Medications temporarily block the work of the sex glands. After discontinuation of medications, ovarian function is restored completely.

The most common way to introduce a patient into menopause is the use of medications. Depending on the indications, gonadotropin-releasing hormones, oral contraceptives or gestagens are prescribed.

Features of the flow

The difference between the artificial introduction of the patient into menopause from the natural menopause is that the process occurs abruptly. If the ovaries were removed, the body immediately loses its usual hormonal levels. When using medicines, a similar process occurs, but in the future it is reversible.

Symptoms and side effects of hormonal correction occur immediately. With natural menopause, the patient’s body has the opportunity to adjust and get used to the new state, which does not happen during treatment.

among women

Artificial menopause causes headaches in women

Early manifestations

Side effects in patients appear immediately. The doctor warns about the possibility of the following symptoms:

  • feeling of dryness in the vagina;
  • discomfort during intimacy;
  • increased sweating;
  • migraine-like attacks of pain in the head;
  • dyspnea;
  • tachycardia;
  • decrease in working capacity;
  • feeling of weakness;
  • drowsiness;
  • poor appetite;
  • change in body weight;
  • mood swings;
  • psycho-emotional instability;
  • lack of sexual desire;
  • panic attacks;
  • distraction.

Treatment provokes infertility, as it disrupts the functioning of the gonads and blocks the cyclic transformation of the endometrium.

Late manifestations

Delayed side effects may occur during the period of use of drugs or after their withdrawal. Typical symptoms:

  • the appearance of wrinkles on the face;
  • deterioration of the epidermis;
  • increased fragility of nails;
  • frequent fractures;
  • tooth decay;
  • muscle pain;
  • discomfort during urination;
  • involuntary leakage of urine;
  • inflammatory diseases of the bladder and urethra;
  • drops in blood pressure;
  • the formation of blood clots;
  • Varicose veins;
  • strokes.

Treatment does not always result in all manifestations. Patients experience side effects to a greater or lesser extent.

How to help yourself

How long hormone therapy lasts is determined by the doctor, based on the severity of the disease and prognosis. While taking the drugs, their doses and terms of use may change. When side effects occur, it is recommended to use methods that help alleviate the condition.

  1. Refuse to take hot baths, do not visit the sauna and solarium. Thermal procedures cause an increase in estrogen levels, which is highly undesirable for a woman.
  2. Rest more and exclude increased physical activity. This will reduce the manifestations of psycho-emotional instability.
  3. Give up bad habits and adhere to the principles of proper nutrition. The body during the period of therapy is already difficult, you should not load it additionally.
  4. Take herbal preparations to relieve the symptoms of menopause. Medicines help with natural and artificial menopause.
  5. Get help from a specialist. Therapy affects family relationships, so you may need to consult a sexologist and a psychologist.
  6. Do not neglect cosmetics. A temporary deficiency of sex hormones affects the condition of the skin. It is necessary to help her during this period, filling with nutrients.
  7. Reduce consumption of fast carbohydrates. Therapy can provoke an increase in body weight. Improper nutrition can speed up this process.

When carrying out therapeutic measures, individual recommendations should be obtained from the doctor. In accordance with the disease and the chosen therapeutic technique, the specialist will tell you how to alleviate the condition. It is necessary to take into account the side effects of the drugs that are prescribed to the patient.

symptoms

Symptoms of artificial menopause appear throughout the treatment

Exit from the climax

The process of removing a patient from this state is complex and always requires an individual approach. If a surgical method was chosen, as a result of which the gonads were removed, hormone replacement therapy is prescribed. It provides the usual hormonal background, but does not allow you to get pregnant, because the ovaries are absent.

With medical artificial menopause, the recovery process takes from several weeks to six months. Much depends on which drug was used and how the therapy affected the disease. Menstrual bleeding after taking the final dose of the drug is restored after 1-2 months. The first discharge may be scanty or excessively abundant. Any deviations from the norm must be reported to the attending physician.

Planning a pregnancy after leaving menopause is allowed immediately. The hormonal background returns to natural quickly, as soon as the active substance of the drug is excreted from the body.

Conclusion

Artificial menopause is a unique option for the correction of many diseases that depend on the hormonal background. The drug technique allows you to avoid the removal of the ovaries, and after the completion of therapy – to restore fertility. Side effects that occur when using drugs disappear a few weeks after the last dose.

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