Child allowance up to 18 years – types of benefits paid up to 18 years

Child allowance up to 18 years – types of benefits paid up to 18 years

25.05.2022 0 By admin

State support for families with children is usually carried out by assigning and paying parents of a child various types of child allowances. As a rule, such support is provided during the most difficult period for parents, starting with the late pregnancy of the expectant mother and lasting a little more than a year after the birth of the child, or rather, until the child reaches the age of one and a half years. In this article, we will look at who is supposed to and how to apply for child benefits up to 18 years.

However, in some cases, caring for a child does not become noticeably easier as the child grows up, for example, if the child or other family members have health problems, or if the parents are in a difficult financial situation. In such situations, the legislation also provides for the provision of social assistance to the family in the form of benefits that are paid to the child until the correction of difficult life circumstances or until the child reaches the age of majority.

Child allowance up to 18 years

What child benefits can be paid until the age of 18

In most cases, the mother is on leave to care for a child up to 1.5 years old, a little less often women continue their vacation until the child is 3 years old. After the end of the vacation, the woman returns to work and begins to receive wages, and payments of monthly child benefits cease.

However, life situations are different, often far from the desired and even more or less familiar. It is not easy for a family to cope with the difficult situation in which it has found itself without outside help, and here again the state can provide some help. In such situations, the law provides for a monthly or quarterly cash benefit for the child until the child reaches the age of 16 or 18 or until the difficulties faced by the family are resolved.

To begin with, let’s decide in which cases an allowance for a child over 3 years old can be assigned. There are not many such situations, but often they can be combined. Here are some of them:

  1. The child grows up in a low-income family.
  2. The child is brought up in an incomplete family.
  3. The child is disabled.
  4. The child’s parents are unemployed or disabled.

I must say that child allowances up to 18 years old are now paid from the local budget, and their amounts and criteria for appointment are set at the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. For this reason, in different regions of the country, the list of granted benefits, the amount of payments and the required conditions for their appointment may vary significantly.

For example, families in which the average per capita income does not exceed the subsistence level established in the region where the family lives are usually classified as low-income families. Since the subsistence minimums in the regions are not the same, the income of families for the assignment of benefits will be assessed differently. Moreover, sometimes when determining the level of well-being of a family, correction factors are applied to the subsistence minimum.

Of course, the amounts of payments will also be different, since they depend on the possibilities of the local budget. The actual amounts of payments vary from hundreds to thousands of rubles per month.

Let’s look at some benefits for children under 18 in more detail.

Benefit for a child growing up in a low-income family

A couple of years ago, a significant reworking of the support system for low-income families began in order to optimize budget spending. The key direction of this alteration is the transition from assistance to all families that fit certain conditions to selective (targeted) assistance. Thus, in order to receive assistance from the state, the family must declare their distress, substantiate it with documents, and social protection workers will assess whether the information submitted satisfies the conditions for granting child benefits established by local laws.

To receive benefits due to low income in the family, you must contact the local department of social protection of the population (SZN). In this case, it is necessary to collect the following package of documents in advance:

  • certificate of cohabitation of parents and child;
  • birth certificate of a child under the age of 14;
  • passport for children over 14 years old;
  • family income statement for the last three months;
  • parents’ passports (original and copies);
  • certificate of schooling for children over 16 years of age.

These documents are submitted to the SZN body along with the application for the grant. Then, within 10 days, the provided data is verified and a decision is made to grant the benefit or to refuse to grant it. With a positive decision, the allowance will be paid until the child turns 16 or the financial situation of the family changes. In the case when a child after 16 years of age continues to study at school, the allowance is paid until the end of education or until the child reaches the age of majority.

This case applies to a complete family in which financial difficulties arose. Let’s also consider other situations where a family needs additional state assistance.

Allowance for a child growing up in an incomplete family

If a child is brought up in an incomplete family, this can also serve as a criterion for the need for additional social support from the state. In particular, children can apply for additional benefits:

  • raised by a single mother;
  • raised by one disabled parent;
  • brought up by one parent registered as unemployed;
  • not receiving legal support due (if the parent evades payment).

The issues of applying the need criteria are regulated by the local legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, therefore, families in the same social status, depending on the region of residence, may or may not receive benefits for children under 18 years of age.

Child allowance up to 18 years for a child from an incomplete family

For advice on the possibility of assigning benefits, as well as for its further processing, you should contact your local SZN office. In addition to the documents listed in the previous section, papers are additionally provided confirming the special status of the family: certificates of marriage and divorce, death certificate of one of the parents, other certificates from the registry office, documents from the labor exchange, certificate of a disabled person, etc.

The allowance is not assigned or its payment is terminated if the child receives full state support, the child’s guardians receive funds for his maintenance, the child’s parents are deprived of parental rights, the family moves to another region and in a number of other cases.

Other means criteria

Since the procedure for assigning child benefits is established by regional legislation, each region may apply its own criteria for the attitude of families to the list of those in need of social assistance. In particular, in some regions of the country, child allowances up to 14, 16 or 18 years old can be paid to families of military conscripts or families with many children.

Also, in all regions, there are benefits for disabled children and pensions for children with the loss of a breadwinner, which are paid until the child reaches the age of 18. Basic payments for these reasons are guaranteed at the level of federal legislation, but the subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to provide additional support to disabled people or children who have lost their parents. In many regions, such additional support exists.

Benefits for a disabled child

Issues of social support and material support for disabled children are regulated by the Federal Law of November 24 , 1995 No. 181-FZ “On the Social Protection of Disabled Persons in the Russian Federation”. According to it, each of the disabled children has the right to various types of cash payments: pensions, allowances, insurance payments, etc. In particular, the law guarantees monthly payments to a disabled child, the amount of which depends on the disability group.

Who is entitled to child allowance until the age of 18

In addition, in almost every region of the country there are additional benefits for parents raising children with disabilities. These benefits continue until the child turns 18. In some cases (for example, the education of a child), payments can continue until the age of 23.

Benefits for the loss of a breadwinner

Under federal law, children who have lost their breadwinner are entitled to a monthly social or insurance pension. Since a minor is considered an unconditional sign of a child’s disability, a pension after the death of one of the parents is assigned to children under 18 years of age, as well as children under 23 years of age receiving full-time education.


The issues of assigning pensions in case of loss of a breadwinner are regulated by Federal Law No. 400-FZ of December 28, 2013 “On Insurance Pensions” and Federal Law No. 166-FZ of December 15, 2001 “On State Pension Provision in the Russian Federation”. Therefore, this type of payment exists in all regions of Russia.

Similar payments up to 18 or up to 23 years old are received by children of military personnel who died or went missing while on duty.