Why cracks appear in the tongue and how to treat them

Why cracks appear in the tongue and how to treat them

24.05.2022 0 By admin
Fissures in the tongue are like deep, painful furrows. They can appear on the mucosa in various diseases affecting the digestive and respiratory systems. Simple methods help to quickly get rid of such an ailment and its root cause.

What are cracks in the tongue

The mucous membrane of the oral cavity organs can change under the influence of external and internal factors. Sometimes deep furrows appear on the tip of the tongue and other parts of the mucosa. Pathology may be accompanied by an unpleasant odor. Also, many patients complain of a burning sensation in the oral cavity. It is difficult to find out the cause of this disease on your own, so if you experience discomfort, it is better to consult a dentist.

Cracks in the tongue
Cracks in the tongue can be in children and adults

Any changes in the area of the oral mucosa can reflect the state of the body. This may be the result of malnutrition or the development of a chronic disease. In a child, furrows in the tongue may appear with a disorder of the intestinal microflora and an infection of the upper respiratory tract. At the same time, in adults, such an ailment more often indicates diseases of the oral cavity and stomach.

Organ structure

In order to properly treat cracks in the tongue, you need to understand how it works. The tongue is an unpaired muscular structure of the oral cavity, necessary for articulate speech, taste detection and eating. The contraction of the striated muscles of this organ allows saliva to moisten the chewed food and transport substrates into the esophagus.


  • A mucous membrane made up of stratified epithelium. The composition of the epithelial tissue includes glands that produce mucus. Numerous papillae are also located on the surface of the organ, which are necessary for recognizing the taste of food. It is this department of the tongue that is often exposed to adverse factors.
  • Muscle fibers attached to the bones of the skull. This is skeletal muscle. The contraction of the fibers allows the organ to be shortened or lengthened, depending on the form of articulation.

The tongue can be roughly divided into the root located closer to the pharynx, the body and the tip. In each zone there are different papillae responsible for recognizing certain tastes. Cracks often appear in the middle and at the tip, and plaque can cover the entire organ.

What do the furrows in the tongue mean

Pathological furrows cannot always be easily distinguished from the natural features of the organ. Normally, a few small grooves may be present on the surface of the tongue, which do not cause pain or burning. This is a common feature of the body, characteristic of most people.

Deep cracks almost always indicate pathology. The most banal mechanism for the formation of an ailment is trauma to the mucous membrane. Tissue damage can occur while brushing your teeth or eating solid foods. Plaque during injury is usually absent, so this condition is easy to distinguish from diseases of the internal organs.

Other possible reasons:

  • Lack of vitamins and minerals in the body. Mucosal defects develop against the background of a deficiency of B vitamins and zinc. These substances are necessary for the regular renewal of the epithelium.
  • Inflammatory and infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. First of all, these are different forms of gastritis and duodenitis.
  • Reflux disease of the stomach. The acid thrown from the stomach into the esophagus can reach the pharynx.
  • Eating spicy or too hot food.
  • Violation of the secretory function of the glands of the epithelium. In this case, the furrows most often appear in the middle of the body of the organ.
  • An allergic reaction to certain substances that have entered the body from the outside.
  • Mouth infection. Often, ulcers appear on other parts of the mucous membrane.

It is possible to accurately determine the mechanism for the development of furrows only with the help of an examination.


To undergo a mucosal examination, you must make an appointment with a dentist. The doctor will ask about complaints and examine the anamnesis, including previous diseases, allergic reactions, and dietary habits. Examination of the oral cavity sometimes allows you to make a preliminary diagnosis. Additional studies may be required to determine the exact cause of the disease.

Furrow treatment
Treatment of mucosal furrows can be carried out independently

Required tests:

  • General and biochemical analysis of blood. These tests are done to detect allergies, inflammation, or infection.
  • Obtaining a smear of the mucous membrane, followed by bacterial seeding of the material. The test is required to identify the type of infectious agent.
  • Biopsy of the epithelium of the tongue in case of suspected malignant degeneration of tissues.
  • Chair study. A coprogram can indicate problems with digestion and nutrition.

Sometimes a routine examination is enough to make a diagnosis, but additional studies make it possible to exclude the presence of dangerous conditions.

How is the treatment carried out

To eliminate the furrows of the mucous membrane and the root cause of this condition, drug therapy is selected. When choosing a treatment regimen, the dentist relies on the results of the examination, the age and history of the patient. If diseases are not detected, cosmetic elimination of the defect is possible.

Therapy options:

  • antibiotics or antifungals;
  • antihistamines for allergies;
  • rinse solutions or ointment with anti-inflammatory effect;
  • elimination of caries and other identified dental problems;
  • prescription of vitamins and microelements.

The doctor will definitely recommend changing the diet and giving up bad habits. Alcohol and tobacco smoke negatively affect the condition of the oral cavity. Self-made mouthwash solution can be made from a decoction of chamomile and oak bark extract. Also, flower honey has a positive effect on the mucous membrane.

Cracks on the surface of the tongue can occur with diseases of various organs and systems. Folk and traditional methods of therapy help to quickly get rid of the problem.


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