Why and how do tank-sowing sperm24.05.2022
One of the main ways to detect a urinary tract infection in men is through a semen culture tank. This laboratory study is carried out in diseases of the prostate gland. The results of the test help the doctor prescribe an effective treatment.
Analysis and its features
Bacteriological examination of semen is a common diagnostic method in urological practice. The study of the ejaculate helps to detect pathogenic microorganisms that cause inflammation in the prostate gland, bladder, epididymis and other organs.
Sperm tank culture is an effective laboratory test
The transcript of the study usually indicates the number of bacteria found. If the doctor prescribes this test for subsequent treatment, an assessment of the sensitivity of pathogenic microorganisms to antibiotics is carried out.
Neutral and harmful bacteria may be present in the male ejaculate. Neutral microorganisms usually perform a symbiotic function that does not harm the organs of the genitourinary system. Also, the neutral components of the sperm microbiome include opportunistic bacteria that normally do not cause disease. Infectious agents can enter the prostate gland from outside or from other organs.
Indications for research
The collection of ejaculate can be prescribed by a urologist or andrologist. These specialists are engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system in men.
The detection of any symptoms indicating the presence of infection in the organs of the pelvic cavity should be the reason for the test for the microflora. So, men with prostatitis complain of pain in the perineum, discomfort during ejaculation and frequent urination. The study is most often prescribed to patients over the age of 25 years.
- pain during intercourse;
- previously detected acute and chronic infections of the genitourinary organs;
- suspected sexually transmitted infection;
- decreased libido;
- unpleasant smell of ejaculate;
- deterioration of erection;
- control of the treatment;
- leukocytes in the results of spermogram.
The bacterial flora test is the most reliable way to detect infection in the situations listed above. Together with this study, the urologist may prescribe a urine collection.
Preparation and holding
The material obtained for the study must be clean. The ingress of foreign substances into the ejaculate can cause false results. 24 hours before the test, you must refuse spicy and too salty foods. You should also refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol. Before receiving the material, careful hygiene procedures are carried out. It is necessary to clean the surface of the glans penis as best as possible. The urologist during the consultation will tell you about other collection rules.
Preparation for the test necessarily includes genital hygiene
The material is taken by masturbation. In clinics, patients are provided with a special room that allows them to retire and calmly collect the ejaculate in a pre-prepared container. It is important not to touch the head of the penis with your hands during masturbation. The resulting material is immediately sent to the laboratory, where the content is assessed using a microscope and nutrient media.
Deciphering the results
The test results indicate the number of microorganisms in 1 ml of liquid. The type of bacteria found and their sensitivity to certain antibiotics are also indicated.
- a small number of microorganisms;
- growth of microorganisms in dense media, a small number of colonies;
- no more than 100 colonies of bacteria that breed in dense environments;
- more than 100 colonies in dense media.
The urologist who ordered the study will clarify the results and offer a treatment regimen if an infection is detected.
A semen culture tank may be necessary if symptoms of a urinary tract infection occur in men. The results of the test help to choose the correct drug treatment.
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