What is IVF and how does pregnancy proceed after it?

What is IVF and how does pregnancy proceed after it?

24.05.2022 0 By admin

The in vitro fertilization procedure is one of the ways to cope with infertility, both male and female. Normally, conception occurs in the fallopian tube of a woman, but if it is significantly difficult or completely impossible, it is worthwhile to figure out what IVF is, pregnancy after artificial insemination proceeds as usual, but for it to come, you will have to make a lot of effort.

What is IVF and how is it done

First of all, gametes are extracted from both partners. In a woman, superovulation is preliminarily caused – i.e. the maturation of a large number of eggs at once, which are then removed by puncture.

what is eco pregnancy

What is IVF pregnancy, the doctor will tell you in detail

How semen is taken from a man depends on the state of health of the future father. The easiest way is masturbation in a specially prepared container. If a man has problems with ejaculation or sperm quality, germ cells are removed by puncture.

Infertility can be both male and female.

It is impossible to determine exactly which of the spouses is “guilty” in the absence of children, therefore, if there are suspicions, then both should undergo an examination.

The resulting material is placed on a nutrient medium where conception occurs. Many embryos are formed, of which not all are viable. After 5-7 days, the embryos are implanted in the woman’s uterus and pregnancy begins. Due to the fact that several embryos are used, the birth of twins is often the result of IVF.

Why carry out the procedure

The main indication for IVF is a violation of the processes of conception. It can be called:

  • anovulatory cycles in a woman;
  • low sperm quality in a man (i.e., the number of spermatozoa is not enough for fertilization);
  • adhesions in the fallopian tubes that interfere with the advancement of the egg.

All these processes lead to the fact that a natural conception is extremely unlikely, but at the same time a woman is able to bear and give birth to a child. Also, the possibilities of IVF allow the use of donor germ cells, if one of the future parents has serious violations of gametogenesis, and surrogate motherhood, if the mother cannot bear the baby. Theoretically, a situation is possible when the baby will be conceived from a donor egg and donor sperm and carried by a surrogate mother, i.e. genetically will be a stranger to their parents, but be considered their child.

Whether such a situation is acceptable is an extremely controversial issue from a moral point of view.

The need for the procedure, its pros and cons for a particular couple should be discussed with the attending physician. Just like when planning a pregnancy, you need to prepare for artificial insemination, and both spouses should do this.

Pregnancy management after IVF

How is an artificial pregnancy different from a normal one? Only the conditions under which conception occurred. Otherwise, gestation occurs in the same way as with the natural onset of pregnancy. However, such a pregnancy requires closer monitoring by a gynecologist.

Due to the fact that conception took place outside the body, the uterus may not be ready for implantation of the embryo. To prevent this, a woman is prescribed hormonal drugs that ensure the normal start of pregnancy.

Due to hormonal disruptions, difficulties with bearing are possible, so visits to the doctor are scheduled more often until the gynecologist is convinced that there is no risk to the unborn baby.

The duration of pregnancy after IVF is considered from the moment of implantation of the embryos, i.e. almost exactly corresponds to the gestational age, and not obstetric. This fact is important in determining the date of birth.

Video

Also Read: What is Embryo PGD?

What is IVF and how does pregnancy proceed after it?

24.05.2022 0 By admin

The in vitro fertilization procedure is one of the ways to cope with infertility, both male and female. Normally, conception occurs in the fallopian tube of a woman, but if it is significantly difficult or completely impossible, it is worthwhile to figure out what IVF is, pregnancy after artificial insemination proceeds as usual, but for it to come, you will have to make a lot of effort.

What is IVF and how is it done

First of all, gametes are extracted from both partners. In a woman, superovulation is preliminarily caused – i.e. the maturation of a large number of eggs at once, which are then removed by puncture.

what is eco pregnancy

What is IVF pregnancy, the doctor will tell you in detail

How semen is taken from a man depends on the state of health of the future father. The easiest way is masturbation in a specially prepared container. If a man has problems with ejaculation or sperm quality, germ cells are removed by puncture.

Infertility can be both male and female.

It is impossible to determine exactly which of the spouses is “guilty” in the absence of children, therefore, if there are suspicions, then both should undergo an examination.

The resulting material is placed on a nutrient medium where conception occurs. Many embryos are formed, of which not all are viable. After 5-7 days, the embryos are implanted in the woman’s uterus and pregnancy begins. Due to the fact that several embryos are used, the birth of twins is often the result of IVF.

Why carry out the procedure

The main indication for IVF is a violation of the processes of conception. It can be called:

  • anovulatory cycles in a woman;
  • low sperm quality in a man (i.e., the number of spermatozoa is not enough for fertilization);
  • adhesions in the fallopian tubes that interfere with the advancement of the egg.

All these processes lead to the fact that a natural conception is extremely unlikely, but at the same time a woman is able to bear and give birth to a child. Also, the possibilities of IVF allow the use of donor germ cells, if one of the future parents has serious violations of gametogenesis, and surrogate motherhood, if the mother cannot bear the baby. Theoretically, a situation is possible when the baby will be conceived from a donor egg and donor sperm and carried by a surrogate mother, i.e. genetically will be a stranger to their parents, but be considered their child.

Whether such a situation is acceptable is an extremely controversial issue from a moral point of view.

The need for the procedure, its pros and cons for a particular couple should be discussed with the attending physician. Just like when planning a pregnancy, you need to prepare for artificial insemination, and both spouses should do this.

Pregnancy management after IVF

How is an artificial pregnancy different from a normal one? Only the conditions under which conception occurred. Otherwise, gestation occurs in the same way as with the natural onset of pregnancy. However, such a pregnancy requires closer monitoring by a gynecologist.

Due to the fact that conception took place outside the body, the uterus may not be ready for implantation of the embryo. To prevent this, a woman is prescribed hormonal drugs that ensure the normal start of pregnancy.

Due to hormonal disruptions, difficulties with bearing are possible, so visits to the doctor are scheduled more often until the gynecologist is convinced that there is no risk to the unborn baby.

The duration of pregnancy after IVF is considered from the moment of implantation of the embryos, i.e. almost exactly corresponds to the gestational age, and not obstetric. This fact is important in determining the date of birth.

Video

Also Read: What is Embryo PGD?