What causes hand dyshidrosis in a child?

What causes hand dyshidrosis in a child?

24.05.2022 0 By admin
Children are very prone to inflammatory skin diseases. Dyshidrosis in a child is a common ailment, manifested by redness and damage to the integumentary tissues of different parts of the body. Dyshidrosis of the hands and lower extremities can be treated with medication and physical therapy.

What is dyshidrosis

Dyshidrosis is an inflammatory dermatological disease in which redness, dense crusts and vesicles filled with a cloudy liquid appear on the skin. Most often, dyshidrosis of the feet and upper extremities is diagnosed in children, but sometimes the inflammation spreads to other parts of the body. As the disease progresses, the damaged skin begins to peel and flake off. Inflammation can go away on its own or become chronic.

Dyshidrosis in a child

Dyshidrosis in a child can be examined by a dermatologist.

The immune system in children is constantly changing and developing, so inflammatory and infectious diseases occur more often at this age. Patients suffering from allergic reactions are especially prone to inflammation. Dyshidrosis of the hands is not a dangerous pathology, however, for successful therapy, it is necessary to contact a dermatologist as soon as possible.

The mechanism of occurrence of dyshidrosis in a child

The exact causes of the development of the disease are unknown. Previously, it was believed that skin lesions occur against the background of inflammation of the ducts of the sebaceous glands. New research has linked dyshidrosis to food and drug allergies. Also, inflammation can occur with direct contact of the skin with the allergen. The disease is not contagious.

Possible risk factors:

  • a previously undiscovered allergic reaction to a food, drug, dust, pollen, or clothing;
  • autoimmune diseases, in which the body’s defense systems attack healthy tissues;
  • endocrine disorders, including thyroid disease;
  • dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system;
  • use of unsafe personal hygiene products;
  • the occurrence of allergic and inflammatory diseases in the patient’s parents;
  • congenital and acquired pathologies of the immune system;
  • taking drugs that affect the skin;
  • chronic fungal and bacterial infections of the skin.

During the examination, the doctor must exclude the presence of the above risk factors in the patient.

Diagnostics

To undergo an examination, you must make an appointment with a dermatologist. A specialist can immediately make a diagnosis by finding characteristic areas of inflammation on the fingers. If the symptoms resemble other pathological conditions, the doctor will need to take a closer look at the patient’s history and conduct additional studies. It is important to exclude the presence of infection.

Diagnostic methods:

  • Dermoscopy is a study of the damaged area of the skin using an optical device.
  • A blood test is a laboratory test that looks for signs of inflammation, allergies, or infection.

The study of symptoms helps to make a differential diagnosis. Dyshidrosis can be manifested by itching and burning in the area of u200bu200bdamaged skin, but the patient should not have an increase in body temperature. Fever indicates the presence of an infection. If necessary, an examination of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system is carried out.

Methods of treatment

The method of therapy for the disease depends on the age of the child and the severity of damage to the skin. Drug treatment is applied in the form of local and oral agents. The doctor needs to choose a safe correction scheme that allows you to quickly stop the allergic reaction. It is also necessary to determine which allergen led to the development of the disease. After that, the doctor will explain how to change the diet.

Used medicines:

  • antihistamines,
  • potassium aspartate,
  • sedatives.

In some cases, zinc ointment is used to treat the affected areas.

In most cases, treatment leads to a quick recovery. The use of hypoallergenic ointments helps to deal with the consequences of the disease.

Thus, allergies can cause damage to the skin of the lower and upper extremities. A thorough examination helps to choose a safe method of treating the disease.

See also: what to give a one-year-old child

What causes hand dyshidrosis in a child?

24.05.2022 0 By admin
Children are very prone to inflammatory skin diseases. Dyshidrosis in a child is a common ailment, manifested by redness and damage to the integumentary tissues of different parts of the body. Dyshidrosis of the hands and lower extremities can be treated with medication and physical therapy.

What is dyshidrosis

Dyshidrosis is an inflammatory dermatological disease in which redness, dense crusts and vesicles filled with a cloudy liquid appear on the skin. Most often, dyshidrosis of the feet and upper extremities is diagnosed in children, but sometimes the inflammation spreads to other parts of the body. As the disease progresses, the damaged skin begins to peel and flake off. Inflammation can go away on its own or become chronic.

Dyshidrosis in a child

Dyshidrosis in a child can be examined by a dermatologist.

The immune system in children is constantly changing and developing, so inflammatory and infectious diseases occur more often at this age. Patients suffering from allergic reactions are especially prone to inflammation. Dyshidrosis of the hands is not a dangerous pathology, however, for successful therapy, it is necessary to contact a dermatologist as soon as possible.

The mechanism of occurrence of dyshidrosis in a child

The exact causes of the development of the disease are unknown. Previously, it was believed that skin lesions occur against the background of inflammation of the ducts of the sebaceous glands. New research has linked dyshidrosis to food and drug allergies. Also, inflammation can occur with direct contact of the skin with the allergen. The disease is not contagious.

Possible risk factors:

  • a previously undiscovered allergic reaction to a food, drug, dust, pollen, or clothing;
  • autoimmune diseases, in which the body’s defense systems attack healthy tissues;
  • endocrine disorders, including thyroid disease;
  • dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system;
  • use of unsafe personal hygiene products;
  • the occurrence of allergic and inflammatory diseases in the patient’s parents;
  • congenital and acquired pathologies of the immune system;
  • taking drugs that affect the skin;
  • chronic fungal and bacterial infections of the skin.

During the examination, the doctor must exclude the presence of the above risk factors in the patient.

Diagnostics

To undergo an examination, you must make an appointment with a dermatologist. A specialist can immediately make a diagnosis by finding characteristic areas of inflammation on the fingers. If the symptoms resemble other pathological conditions, the doctor will need to take a closer look at the patient’s history and conduct additional studies. It is important to exclude the presence of infection.

Diagnostic methods:

  • Dermoscopy is a study of the damaged area of the skin using an optical device.
  • A blood test is a laboratory test that looks for signs of inflammation, allergies, or infection.

The study of symptoms helps to make a differential diagnosis. Dyshidrosis can be manifested by itching and burning in the area of u200bu200bdamaged skin, but the patient should not have an increase in body temperature. Fever indicates the presence of an infection. If necessary, an examination of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system is carried out.

Methods of treatment

The method of therapy for the disease depends on the age of the child and the severity of damage to the skin. Drug treatment is applied in the form of local and oral agents. The doctor needs to choose a safe correction scheme that allows you to quickly stop the allergic reaction. It is also necessary to determine which allergen led to the development of the disease. After that, the doctor will explain how to change the diet.

Used medicines:

  • antihistamines,
  • potassium aspartate,
  • sedatives.

In some cases, zinc ointment is used to treat the affected areas.

In most cases, treatment leads to a quick recovery. The use of hypoallergenic ointments helps to deal with the consequences of the disease.

Thus, allergies can cause damage to the skin of the lower and upper extremities. A thorough examination helps to choose a safe method of treating the disease.

See also: what to give a one-year-old child