Sunscreen for children: how to choose?24.05.2022
Sunscreens are needed not only for adults, but also for children. Rest by the sea, a weekend in the country, an afternoon walk in the park closest to the house – if the sun exposure lasts more than 15-20 minutes, the child’s delicate skin needs a product with SPF. The subtleties of choosing and applying “sunny” children’s cosmetics are in front of you!
SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor. Dermatologists unanimously advise choosing products with a sun protection level of at least 30 for children, because such products block 97% of ultraviolet radiation. The number next to the abbreviation means how long you can stay in the sun without the risk of getting burned. The formula for safe tanning is as follows:
SPF 30 x 15-20 minutes (maximum sun exposure without SPF) = 450-600 minutes of protection
Important! Dermatologists recommend not focusing on the maximum protection time that an anti-tanning cream or lotion can theoretically provide. Ideally, for both children and adults, any sunscreen should be reapplied every two hours.
The sunscreen should provide both type A and type B UV protection (look for the label on the packaging). UVA rays contribute to photoaging, weaken the protective properties of the skin, deprive it of moisture. UVB rays are more dangerous: with reasonable sunbathing, they will provide you and your child with a tan, and with excessive sun exposure, they will “reward” with burns, hyperpigmentation and a predisposition to skin cancer.
Important! The time of the greatest solar activity is from 12:00 to 16:00, for safety reasons, doctors advise extending this period by another hour before and after and sunbathing until 11:00 and after 17:00. In the hottest hours of the day, it is better to relax with the child in the shade and swim in the pool with an awning. And one more thing: ultraviolet affects the skin even in cloudy weather, so a gloomy sky is not a reason to ignore sunscreen.
For active recreation on the water, both you and your child need to take a waterproof (see information on the tube) sunscreen. Water, as you know, not only transmits and reflects ultraviolet, but also enhances its effect, so a cream with SPF is necessary for both a young sandcastle builder and a brave swimmer lying on the waves thanks to dad’s strong hands.
Important! The action of the protective agent in water lasts from 40 to 80 minutes, but it must be renewed on the skin, after drying it with a towel, after each bath. The same is true if the child is actively sweating.
A cream, lotion, milk or gel with the same SPF works the same way. Focus on the sensations and age of your child: someone does not like it when the product is sticky or smells strongly, someone may inadvertently inhale the spray when spraying it on the skin of the body.
Important! Whatever type of face and body sunscreen you choose for your son or daughter, be sure to buy another one – children’s lip balm with an SPF factor.
Sunscreen is applied to dry, clean skin 15-30 minutes before leaving the house. Do not use an expired or close to the “throwout” product: it is ineffective and can provoke irritation or an allergic reaction.
Children under 6 months of age are not allowed to use UV protection products, it is better to simply avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. Cosmetics with SPF, declared by most manufacturers as children’s, are intended for boys and girls aged 3-6 years. And older fidgets can use the same sunscreen as adults. Products for children from 6 months to 3 years are labeled “From birth”, Baby, Infant.
The main difference between children’s sunscreens and adults is a hypoallergenic composition with a large number of caring components. Such cosmetics necessarily contain extracts of chamomile, sage, aloe vera, calendula, argan or olive oil, rosehip oil, shea butter, D-panthenol.
Important! Your child definitely needs not only sunscreen and lip balm, but also dark glasses, as well as a hat and a bottle of non-carbonated drinking water.
See also: types of sunscreen for children
Photo: bibamagazine.fr, mumsgrapevine.com.au, thebump.com