Humane pedagogy of Shalva Amonashvili24.05.2022
The name of the Soviet teacher, doctor of psychological sciences and academician Shalva Amonashvili is known to everyone who is somehow connected with children’s education. Already in the 1960s, he began to introduce a new experimental approach to teaching in Georgian schools, which quickly showed impressive results and received a response outside the country. Now his statements continue to be quoted, and the concept of humane pedagogy is more relevant than ever.
Natalya Berkovskaya, a teacher-psychologist of the primary Lomonosov school, spoke about the basic principles of raising happy children according to the Amonashvili method, which will be useful to read not only for teachers, but also for parents.
The personality of the child is primary
It is this idea that underlies the concept of humane, that is, humane pedagogy. It is important, first of all, to pay attention to the individuality of the child, not to devalue his opinion and words, to accept him as he is, because we cannot change him.
Be interested in mood, share joys and sorrows. Amonashvili says: “It is necessary to work with each student separately, only then will it be useful. When planning a lesson, imagine how to involve a particular child in a discussion. Offer creative tasks that will reveal it.
It is imperative to praise children and rejoice at their success: “Thank you for thinking! You made me very happy! Let me shake your hand!”
We must bring up the best in children.
The main goal of the school is to educate and enlighten, but knowledge alone is not enough. It is necessary to educate the best qualities in children, such as nobility and generosity, to form culture and values. And to do this in cooperation with parents, to involve them in planning the educational process.
Amonashvili believes that upbringing and education should be aimed at directing the child on this path of his development and helping him win this difficult struggle.
The teacher always leads by example
A child needs to have a sensitive adult nearby. A teacher he will look up to with admiration and respect. And therefore it is important for a teacher to always start with himself, improve, comprehend new things. Communication with the teacher should, above all, give the child light.
“It is better for a teacher not to enter a school with an embittered soul, so as not to cripple the souls of children; it is better not to enter the school without a clear goal and educational intentions, so as not to impose on children educational improvisations that cause bewilderment and confusion in children; it is better not to enter the school from yesterday, without self-renewal, so as not to carry boredom and monotony with you; it is better not to come to children without faith in pedagogy, so as not to sow in them uncertainty in themselves and in their teacher. It is better because he stands at the origins of the personality of each child and with his own hands, with his activity, lays the foundation for the future. You cannot lay the foundation for the future without inspiration, confidence, devotion.”
Sh. Amonashvili, book “Fundamentals of Humane Pedagogy”
Need to believe in the child
Children’s energy is limitless, a child can do anything, and the teacher should remind about this when necessary, direct his energy in the right direction. Give faith to those who need it. Do not criticize and do not demand compliance with your ideals, but be proud in spite of everything – this will be an educational force.
“Believe in the limitlessness of your child! And yet, find ways, look for them, ways that will protect and develop this infinity in a child.
Abandon the grading system
Amonashvili always spoke about the harmful effects of the evaluation system, and in this he was ahead of the teachers of his time. Many of his ideas sounded innovative. He believes that it is wrong to put labels and measure the personality of a child with the help of numbers, to determine whether he is good or bad, an excellent student or a loser, whether he has the ability to a subject or not. It can be divided: the child is good, but his knowledge of the subject is not very good. Many teachers perceive mistakes as a disaster, and children read this, so they become afraid of bad grades.
It is important to explain and convey to the child that assessment is a chance to become better, to learn something new. Help draw conclusions and learn from experience, suggest where to go next. The child should compare himself only with himself, monitor his progress.
Amonashvili has long suggested abandoning the use of red pen in notebooks and diaries, which is subconsciously perceived as a punishment. It is better to use a neutral color, such as green, which is regarded as a help.
Pranks are ok
Children’s laughter is the decoration of the lesson, just like the game is an integral part of the education process. Children come to school joyful, but there this joy is often taken away, they are called to be adults. Every child needs a positive environment in which they feel comfortable.
“It would be impossible to build a real pedagogy, if there were no childish pranks, no mischievous people. They provide food for pedagogical thought to move on and for educators to be constantly preoccupied with the need to think creatively, to show innovation, and pedagogical daring. What a bore for a teacher to deal with children who have the consciousness and behavior of grown-up wise adults.”
Sh. Amonashvili, book “Fundamentals of Humane Pedagogy”
Love is above all
You spend a year, two, ten years at school – and now the lesson has already been brought to automatism. But a good teacher is the one who has kept burning eyes and love for children, who not only gives material, but puts his soul into what he says and believes in it.
In no case should you assert yourself at the expense of your power, get annoyed and go on shouting. Information will not be assimilated, no matter how hard you try, children always react to rudeness with cruelty and rebellion.
Humane pedagogy encourages the teacher to be wise, patient and merciful. Yes, it takes effort. The art of education is a delicate and fragile business. You can comprehend it only by opening your heart to a child, filling it with love, understanding, sincerity. And then the children will begin to respond in kind, and a spiritual community will arise between you.
- Academy of Pedagogical Art and Socialization
Shalva Amonashvili, website
- Sh.A. Amonashvili – Key principles of humane pedagogy, website
- Interview with Sh. Amonashvili, website
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