How much and to whom: child benefits around the world24.05.2022
At the end of May, Minister of Labor and Social Protection Maksim Topilin confirmed that by the end of the year the government would increase the size of the child care allowance. And now representatives of one of the factions have submitted a bill to the State Duma for consideration, proposing to increase the period of payment of benefits from one and a half years to three.
We decided to find out what basic child benefits exist in other countries and who can claim them, and we have collected the most up-to-date information for you.
Canada child benefit, or CCB, is a tax-free monthly payment given to families with children under the age of 18. It is divided into 2 types: up to 6 years old and from 6 to 17 years old and is considered as follows:
533.33 CAD = 25446.88 RUB per month for each minor child under 6 years of age.
CAD 450.00 = RUB 21470.94 per month for each minor child aged 6 to 17 years.
This amount may be reduced depending on the number of children and income in the family, if they exceed 30 thousand Canadian dollars.
Data from July 2016 to June 2018, Goverment of Canada.
Since the 1920s, only state employees could count on child allowance in Finland. But in 1948 it was made universal for all citizens, following the example of other Nordic countries. Now the allowance is paid to every citizen of the country under the age of 17, permanently residing in Finland. For single parents, there are additional payments.
Child benefit is paid by the Finnish National Social Insurance Institution (KELA). Child benefit is tax-free, and property and income do not affect the amount of child benefit.
The amount of child benefit in Finland in 2018:
- 1st child 94.88 € / month (6,932.75 rubles)
- 2nd child €104.84 / month (RUB 7,660.51)
- 3rd child €133.79 / month (RUB 9,775.85)
- 4th child €153.24 / month (RUB 1,197.03)
- subsequent children 172.69 € / month (12,618.22 rubles)
Single parents receive a supplement for each child – 53.30 € (3,894.56 rubles)
Source: Kela website
There are several forms of family support in Hungary. Every person who permanently resides in Hungary and has a work permit can count on all these benefits. The main one is the family allowance or családipótlék.
Hungarian családipótlék, which means “child benefit” in Russian, depends on the number of children in the family. For families with one child – 12,200 forints (2,780.45 rubles), for families with two children – 13,300 forints (3,031.15 rubles), and for families with three or more children – 16,000 forints (3,646.5 rub.) per child per month for each (!) parent. For parents who raise children alone, the amount of the payment is slightly higher and also depends on the number of children. Family allowance is paid until the age of 18 or until the end of secondary education.
Amount of children
Monthly amount for each parent in a two-parent family
Monthly allowance for single parents
12,200 forints (2810.03 rubles)
13,700 forints (3155.52 rubles)
13,300 forints (3063.39 rubles)
14,800 forints (3408.88 rubles)
3 children or more
16,000 forints (3685.28 rubles)
17,000 forints (3915.61 rubles)
If a child misses more than 50 hours of school without a valid excuse, benefits will be withheld until the child meets his or her obligation to attend school properly. In the case of children of preschool age, the payment of the family allowance will be suspended in case of unjustified absence exceeding 20 days of study in preschool educational institutions.
According to some reports, the government plans to increase the child allowance.
Source: European Commission, 2018
Child Benefit (Sochar Leanaí) in Ireland is paid by the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection (DEASP) to parents of children under 16 years of age. It is also paid for children under the age of 18 if they are in full-time, full-time education or have a disability and cannot support themselves. For one child, it is 140 euros (10,229.6 rubles), for two – 280 euros (20,459.21 rubles), for three – 420 euros (30,688.81 rubles), for four – 560 euros ( 40,918.42 rubles), for five – 700 euros (51,148.02 rubles), for six – 840 euros (61,377.62 rubles), for seven children – 980 euros (71,607.23 rubles) and for eight children – 1,120 euros (81,836.83 rubles).
A separate case is a multiple pregnancy. If twins or twins are born in the family, parents are paid 150% of the monthly payment for each child. If parents have triplets, four or more children, double (200%) amount is paid for each child. In addition, for multiple births, a one-time allowance of 635 euros (46,398.56 rubles) is due immediately after the birth of children, as well as when they reach 4 and 12 years old, respectively.
Source: Citizens Information Board Portal
Since September 2018, any Korean family with a child between the ages of 0 and 6 receives a child allowance of 100,000 won (5,787.2 rubles) per month in cash or by transfer to the parent’s bank account from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea. An exception exists for the top 10% of the richest families who do not receive this benefit.
Source: Korea Herald
After the First World War, many countries were left with declining populations. In an attempt to solve this problem, Sweden started a program called “family allowance”. These were public funds given to families with children to encourage them to increase their birth rate. Child benefit is automatically paid to parents who live permanently in Sweden and have children under 16 years of age.
If two parents have joint custody in a family, the child allowance is divided between two – 625 SEK (4,461.11 rubles) for each parent. If a parent is raising a child alone, he receives 1,250 SEK (8,922.23 rubles) per month. Child benefit is exempt from taxes.
Source : Forsakringskassan Organization
Child benefit in the UK is paid by the state on a weekly basis. As of 2018, it is £20.70 (RUB 1,722.75) per week for the first child (including the eldest of several) and £13.70 (RUB 1,140.17) per week for each subsequent child . If one parent’s income exceeds £50,000, in some cases they need to pay a fee.
Source: GOV.UK portal
In France, for the first child, parents do not receive benefits at all. Families with two children are paid 131.16 € per month (9,583.68 rubles), with three – 299.20 € (21,862.13 rubles), and the supplement for each subsequent child is 168.04 € (12,278, 45 rubles), if he is over 14 years old, then 65.58 € (4791.84 rubles). The benefit is paid up to the age of 16 or 18 if the child is unemployed or has low income, and up to 20 if the child is in full-time education.
Source: Cleiss Portal
In Germany, the child benefit is called “Kindergeld” and depends on the number of children in the family and their age. It is paid to persons under 18 years of age, as well as after, if there are reasons for this (training, disability, etc.). For the first and second child, a family is paid 194 € (14,175.31 rubles) per month, according to 2018 data.
In Japan, childcare allowance helps cover the cost of raising a child. The amount varies depending on the age of the child and the income of his parents. It is paid from birth until the end of high school or age 15.
For parents whose income does not exceed the cost of living, the amount of the allowance for a child from 0 to 3 years is 15,000 yen per month (84,33.96 rubles), from 3 years to the end of primary school (for the first and second child) – 10,000 yen (5,622.64 rubles) per month, and for third and subsequent children – 15,000 yen (8,433.96 rubles) per month.
Source: Smartexpat portal
Child benefit in Russia is paid monthly and depends on the number and/or age of children. The right to a monthly allowance for a child under 16 years of age has one of the parents or his representative / guardian in families with an average per capita income, the amount of which does not exceed the subsistence level. To find out if a family is eligible for cash assistance, you should take the total amount of all family income for the last 12 months, and then divide it by 12. Then divide the resulting number by the number of family members, including the first-born (or adopted). If the income per family member is less than 1.5 times the subsistence minimum in the region, then the family can receive a monthly allowance.
Each region determines the amount, procedure for assigning and paying such benefits independently.
In 2017, for children aged 0 to 1.5 years and from 3 to 18 years, this benefit was per child:
- for children of single mothers (fathers) – 3 thousand rubles;
- for children of conscripted military personnel or children of a wanted parent – 2.4 thousand rubles;
- for children in other families – 2 thousand rubles.
For children aged 1.5 to 3 years, the amount of the allowance increased:
- for children of single mothers (fathers) – 5 thousand rubles;
- for children of conscripted military personnel or children of a wanted parent – 3.8 thousand rubles;
- for children in other families – 3 thousand rubles.
Since January 1, 2018, the amount of child benefits in Moscow for low-income families has increased from three to 6.25 times. The increase in these payments will affect almost 300,000 young Muscovites. Almost 5 times – the monthly allowance for a child will increase for low-income families with children under three years old – up to 10,000 rubles (in 2017 it was 2,000 rubles). Payments to low-income single mothers and fathers, military personnel who are conscripted for a child under three years old will be increased to 15,000 rubles. For large families with five or more children, the city will also increase monthly payments for the purchase of children’s clothing, housing, utilities, and telephone communications. The allowance for children over 3 years of age and allowances for families with many children and families raising disabled children will double.
Comparing the amount of child benefits in different countries and the conditions for receiving them, we can safely conclude that in Russia, after the adoption of laws to increase them, payments are in no way inferior to European ones, but only low-income families can claim them.
At the moment, we are preparing material on the payment of child benefits in different regions of Russia and we will be grateful for your comments.
What child support did you receive?