How does the crisis of 5 years manifest itself in a child and what should parents do at the same time

How does the crisis of 5 years manifest itself in a child and what should parents do at the same time

24.05.2022 0 By admin

A crisis at the age of 5 in a child occurs in almost every family. And do not perceive the difficulties that have arisen as whims or a manifestation of a bad character. In fact, behavioral problems at this age indicate very serious age-related changes.

How the behavior and psychology of a child changes at 5 years old

At the age of five, children undergo intense physiological and psychological processes. And in this regard, a tremendous load is placed on the nervous system. Therefore, this period of growing up is accompanied by the frequent occurrence of stressful experiences that children cannot always cope with. Parents of five-year-olds notice how their child’s behavior changes, and cannot always find an explanation for this.

Crisis at 5 years old in a child

The crisis at the age of 5 in a child will be easier if you follow the advice of psychologists

By the age of 5, the following changes occur in the life and attitude of the baby:

  • he socializes, learns to perceive the relationship between people. Children begin to establish close ties with peers. They also pay attention to the nature of connections between people in the adult world and begin to build a rating scale;
  • identification of oneself and others by gender begins;
  • intensive moral development. Children learn to understand the categories of “good-evil”, “sensitivity-indifference”, “can-not” and many others;
  • Toddlers learn to think independently and form their own opinions. And often at this age children’s conclusions seem paradoxical to adults;
  • Big problems are delivered to parents by the fears that have begun. Children are often afraid to disappoint their parents, to lose their love. The fear of the dark, loneliness, a large number of people and much more begins.

Five years is a period of intensive knowledge of the laws of the world. But since their experience has not yet accumulated, the kids try to carefully imitate their parents or other people who are authoritative in their eyes, not yet fully understanding the deep essence of the actions of adults.

At the age of five, for the normal development of children, the benevolent attitude of adult family members towards them is very important.

Signs of a Crisis

The turning point in the formation of personality is experienced by all children at the age of five. But the manifestations of a psychological crisis are very individual. The range of intensity of the symptoms of personality restructuring can be from very bright unexpected excesses to deviations that are almost imperceptible to an outsider’s eye.

The following symptoms are most often observed:

  • the child has bouts of unreasonable anger, aggression directed at loved ones;
  • children can “withdraw into themselves”, withdraw, stop making contact;
  • demands for something begin, accompanied by whims and even tantrums;
  • the need for “I myself” is acutely manifested. This applies not only to some small matters related to self-service, but also to more serious ones, for example, there are attempts to insist on walking the streets on their own, even if there is heavy traffic or a large number of people;
  • the appearance of buffoonish behavior, antics is possible. In girls, it is not clear where the affectation, mannerisms come from. Sometimes such behavior takes on such grotesque forms that parents literally do not recognize their children.

At the same time, the child begins to show fears of doing something wrong or not good enough, of losing the love of family members. Manifestations of fear may include a refusal to go outside for a walk, a desire to hide behind parents when strangers try to talk to the baby.

During a period of psychological crisis, five-year-old children begin to develop violently fantasy. At the same time, they come up with all sorts of fables, non-existent friends. During this period, it is important to understand that the child does not become a deceiver, but simply experiences a period of growing up that is quite difficult for his fragile nervous system.

Increased curiosity at 5 years old makes kids eavesdrop and spy on adults. Frequent mood swings, increased physical and psycho-emotional fatigue are characteristic signs of a critical period.

Why behavior changes

The crisis at the age of 5 does not develop in a child from scratch. Such a surge is facilitated by the physiological characteristics of a small organism, its nervous system and psyche.

signs

One of the signs of the crisis of the age of five is unexpected antics, buffoonery

The child has already grown up, knows how to do a lot on his own and seems to himself quite mature. But on the one hand, he sees that all his attempts to look like “big” adults are not taken seriously, and on the other hand, he himself feels that he is still very much “not up to” the desired level.

The internal psychological conflict is superimposed by the action of other factors:

  • there comes a period of intensive development of the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for the correctness of thinking processes, communication with the outside world. Children during this period learn to control their behavior, the manifestation of emotions;
  • there is a desire to communicate with other children, but very often such contacts bring disappointment, because. children, starting communication with peers, represent this process in their own way. Unrealistic expectations often bring disappointment;
  • the child often lacks vocabulary and knowledge of concepts to explain his thoughts, feelings, emotions to his parents. As a result, there is some isolation, alienation.

5 years is the age when character traits begin to appear, and the authority of parents drops a little. This means that the time for unconditional obedience is over. Children are already beginning to defend their opinion in accessible ways.

How to behave to parents

In order to prevent or mitigate the manifestation of psycho-emotional breakdowns, parents need not only to demonstrate an understanding of their child’s condition, but also to direct his impulsiveness into a peaceful direction.

To do this, you should adhere to the following rules:

  • play with the baby more often: in the daytime it should be outdoor games;
  • shortly before going to sleep with the whole family, arrange walks in the fresh air;
  • delegate simple household chores to children – water indoor flowers, help mom in the store with purchases.

At the same time, it is very important not to forget to thank each time for the help and emphasize how significant it is for you.

Always celebrate the successes and talents of your children in any field, encourage his desire to learn new things. And as often as possible, remind him that you still love him. Then the crisis at the age of 5 in a child will be much milder.

Be sure to explain to the children the boundaries of what is permitted and tell them why it should be that way.

The kid should know the laws and orders adopted in the family. If he threw a tantrum because something didn’t go the way he wanted, wait it out. When the child calms down, you need to talk to him, explaining how to behave, why you can’t do what he wants, throw tantrums.

Psychologist’s advice on what not to do

First of all, in no case should you scold the child and even more so punish for bad behavior. Otherwise, alienation and isolation can be provoked, and in the future this will lead to violations of socialization.

The use of physical force is also completely excluded. It is already difficult for children during this period, and by raising a hand against him, you can worsen the condition even more, cause serious psychological trauma.

In the absence of a trusting relationship, the child will conclude that no one is interested in his problems, he interferes with everyone and may refuse to communicate openly with his parents.

You should never criticize the behavior, actions of the child in the presence of anyone. All your comments and claims should be discussed face to face.

Psychologist’s advice includes a ban on showing children their negative emotions. Do not show your disappointment, confusion, anger or resentment. The imperturbable look of the parents in response to the tantrum will discourage the child, and he will very quickly calm down himself. Such behavior will be a prevention of possible manipulations by adults in the future.

It is difficult for parents to remain calm and patient, watching a surge of emotions from an excessively raging child. But it is always worth remembering that it is much more difficult for a baby to survive this crisis. At this age, the perception of the world and one’s place in it is formed. Therefore, parents should treat with patience and understanding the whims of their five-year-old child.

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