How does a sweet allergy manifest itself in children and how to treat it24.05.2022
Allergy to sweets in children is a generalized concept, the response of the immune system after the use of natural and synthetic sweets. A symptom can be true or false. In severe cases, allergy is manifested by Quincke’s edema or anaphylactic reactions. The earlier the allergen is identified and the psychosomatic causes of the allergy are worked out, the more favorable the prognosis.
Causes of allergic reactions
The child’s body usually reacts negatively to the presence of sucrose and synthetic additives in food. It perceives these substances as foreign proteins, increasing the concentration of histamine, which in turn leads to the appearance of external allergy symptoms.
Allergy to sweets in children causes a rash on the skin
Symptoms are aggravated by the presence of such components:
- Sugar. It is poorly digested in infants and children under 12 months of age. The gastrointestinal tract lacks the required amount of enzymes, so allergic reactions can occur.
- Chocolate (cocoa beans).
- Natural fillers: nuts, dried fruits, palm oil, eggs.
- Synthetic additives: stabilizers, emulsifiers, flavors, dyes.
- Beekeeping products – intolerance is due to hereditary predisposition, acquired intolerance to the product. Poor quality honey often causes itching, rashes, redness of the skin. In case of allergic reactions to honey, a refusal to use it and a sparing diet are recommended.
The risk group is made up of children who have infectious pathologies, a hereditary predisposition to sweet intolerance, intestinal dysbacteriosis, psycho-emotional overstrain, and weakened immunity.
How does an allergy to sweets manifest in children?
The clinical picture in each patient manifests itself individually: from mild itching and rash to severe anaphylactic reactions requiring emergency medical care. Allergy manifests itself in the form of:
- rashes on the body and face;
- shortness of breath;
- inflammation of the mucous membranes;
- extensive swelling of the skin;
- blisters, blisters;
- allergic rhinitis;
- peeling and dryness of the skin;
If symptoms appear in the form of impaired consciousness, extensive edema, difficulty breathing, suffocation, the child is taken to the hospital or an ambulance is called. If you do not provide emergency assistance, irreversible consequences are possible.
It is important to know what an allergic reaction looks like in order to start therapy in a timely manner and prevent the development of complications.
Before choosing a treatment, a comprehensive diagnosis is carried out. Allergy testing is required to confirm the diagnosis. This is a quick diagnostic procedure that takes place in several stages:
- Several scratches are made on the bend of the elbow.
- An allergen is applied to the damaged skin in a low concentration, the reaction of the body is observed.
- At the first symptoms of an allergy, a potential allergen is identified, which must be eliminated in order to ensure a full recovery.
Diagnosis of newborn babies is difficult. Keeping a food diary is recommended to identify potentially hazardous substances. It includes a list of products that a nursing mother and baby consume. They track which foods the body reacts to, exclude them from the diet, and continue monitoring.
Treatment of children’s allergies
Therapy for sweet allergies in children is carried out in a complex manner, depending on what symptoms bother the patient. Use drugs for internal use and external application, observe the drinking regimen.
To facilitate the well-being of the child, a diet is recommended. Triggers are excluded from the diet – potentially dangerous substances that provoke an undesirable reaction of the body.
To cleanse the gastrointestinal tract of toxic and allergic substances, treatment is supplemented with sorbents. They should be prescribed by a doctor, especially for patients of younger age groups. Long-term use of sorbents removes not only toxic substances, but also useful microelements. After completing the course, the deficiency of nutrients in the body must be compensated for by taking special vitamin complexes.
To reduce the allergic reaction, new generation antihistamines are used in the form of drops, syrups. From the age of 3, they switch to taking tablets and capsules for oral administration. If a child has a cough, antitussive or expectorant drugs are prescribed.
Between taking sorbents and other groups of medicines, it is imperative to observe an interval of at least two hours.
Hormonal ointments based on corticosteroids are applied externally. They are used in a minimal dose, in short courses to relieve itching and reduce inflammatory reactions. Only a pediatrician can prescribe the drug. The medicine is applied in a thin layer several times a day, used no longer than 1 week.
Vitamins and microelements, selenium, vitamin D, adaptogens are used to maintain the immune system.
What should be the diet for an allergy to sweets
To reduce the manifestations of the disease, diet therapy is followed. To normalize the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, products that can provoke inflammatory reactions are excluded.
With allergies, it is important to follow a diet, excluding all potentially dangerous foods from the menu.
Foods act as triggers based on:
- refined sugar;
- white flour;
- milk products.
Exclude the use of products that can potentially cause an exacerbation of the disease: marshmallows, dark chocolate, marshmallows, dried fruits, candied fruits, honey. The sooner treatment begins, the better the prognosis for the child.
Sweets are replaced with fresh fruits and berries, to which there is no reaction, cocoa beans – with carob. In the severe course of the pathological process, fructose and sucrose are completely removed from the diet, until a stable remission is achieved.
Folk remedies for the treatment of allergies
Traditional medicine is used as an auxiliary element, by prior agreement with the doctor. Medicinal herbs are used with extreme caution, as they can further aggravate allergies.
To reduce itching, aloe juice is applied to the affected areas of the face and body. The leaves of the plant are thoroughly washed, dried, cut into several parts, used as compresses 2-4 times a day. The course of treatment is up to 1 month, then they take a break.
Children from the age of 5 are often prescribed Mummy tablets. 1 tablet diluted in boiled water, give the child 20-30 ml three times a day. Phytosubstance cleanses the body, removes toxic substances, allergens.
For a positive effect on the skin, phytobaths are used. Decoctions of medicinal plants are dissolved in warm water: chamomile, sage, calendula, tansy, bay leaf. The child is bathed, wiped with a soft towel.
If the allergic reaction worsens, the use of medicinal plants is recommended to be canceled.
Preventive measures facilitate the course of allergies, help prevent its onset. For prevention, it is recommended to follow a diet for both the child and the nursing mother. Complementary foods can be introduced no earlier than six months after the child has formed a food interest.
New sweets are given in microdoses, the reaction of the body is observed. With intolerance to chocolate, all products based on cocoa beans are excluded from the diet.
Formula-fed babies are shown low lactose formulas.
Pediatricians recommend early hardening, exclusion of psycho-emotional stress, regular walks in the fresh air, swimming, and active sports. The diet should be varied and rich in fiber, fresh vegetables, herbs. With intense inflammation, milk, heavy animal products are removed. The older the child, the higher the likelihood of self-healing.
Allergies not only impair the quality of life of the child, but also adversely affect the immune system. At the first symptoms, it is recommended to refrain from self-medication, seek advice from an experienced allergist.
The dosage of drugs is selected taking into account the age, weight of the child. The course of therapy is prescribed individually, until you feel better. To achieve a stable remission, all the recommendations of the doctor are followed, even after the symptoms decrease.
See also: symptoms of celiac disease in children