How do symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis manifest in women24.05.2022
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region is more dangerous than damage to other parts of the spinal column. Its danger is due to the fact that it is in this area that the nerves lie that provide sensitivity and mobility of the hands and, in part, the work of the organs of the chest cavity. In addition, a large number of vessels in the neck makes the defeat of this department the most dangerous.
Signs and symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women
Features of the cervical region
The upper spine is the most active. On it lie the functions of ensuring the mobility of the head, maintaining a stable blood supply to the brain and shock absorption during movement. The connections of the seven cervical vertebrae ensure the full performance of these functions.
Another feature is that the segments of the spinal cord are smaller than the vertebrae. In this case, the nerves emerging from the spinal segments descend down to the corresponding vertebra, and exit the spinal canal. The cervical region contains 8 segments of the spinal cord and part of the first thoracic segment. Further down the spinal canal, the discrepancy between segments and vertebrae becomes more pronounced.
The vertebral arteries pass through the processes of the cervical vertebrae. They rise into the cranial cavity and participate in the formation of the arterial ring, which is necessary to provide blood to the vital parts of the brain. Branches of the vertebral arteries form the spinal arteries, which maintain the blood supply to the spinal cord.
How does osteochondrosis develop?
The spine is an extremely complex system. It includes the following elements:
- vertebrae – bone formations that form the basis of the spinal column;
- intervertebral cartilage – located between the vertebrae and act as an elastic springy pad, ensure the mobility of the spinal column;
- ligaments unite the vertebrae with each other, prevent excessive mobility;
- spinal nerves – innervate internal organs and muscles, exit through the gaps between the vertebrae;
- muscles – form a muscular corset, provide movements of the back and neck.
Osteochondrosis is the defeat of the intervertebral cartilage and their gradual degradation. Most often, the lumbar and cervical regions are affected – the most mobile of all. There are several reasons for this failure. Often affect heredity, features of work, nutrition, sports.
Important! Cervical osteochondrosis is typical for patients leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women appear somewhat more often than in the representatives of the stronger sex. This is due to the fact that women are more likely to work in sedentary jobs. In addition, pregnancy contributes to the deterioration of metabolism in bone and cartilage tissue, so motherhood creates an additional risk.
With this disease, there is a gradual thinning of the cartilage between the vertebrae. This leads to a decrease in mobility and deterioration of nerve conduction. With cervical osteochondrosis, the vessels are clamped and there is a violation of the blood supply that occurs in the brain. All this can lead to an extremely diverse clinical picture.
Diseases of the spine
The list of unpleasant sensations that occur with osteochondrosis of the neck is extremely wide. They can be divided into several groups:
- associated with impaired mobility of the spine;
- associated with impaired innervation;
- associated with impaired blood supply to the brain.
With the first group of symptoms, everything is simple. The mobility of the neck when performing simple household activities or physical exercises is impaired. At certain angles of inclination or rotation of the head, there is a feeling of resistance and soreness. With prolonged static load (working with papers or at a computer), there is a feeling of tension in the neck and shoulder girdle, pain in these areas.
Worth knowing! Performing therapeutic exercises reduces unpleasant symptoms.
The remaining two groups are able to create in the patient for years the feeling that he is ill with completely different diseases.
Symptoms of nerve damage
Since the cervical segments of the spinal cord innervate the upper limbs, the main symptomatology is associated with them. The patient experiences pain and tension in the shoulder girdle, physical activity on the hands is difficult. There may be pain in the hands along the nerves, “crawling”, sensitivity disorders, paresthesia. In men, such symptoms become noticeable if they do physical work, women can put up with such pain for a long time and not go to the doctor.
Another group of pain is due to the fact that part of the cervical nerves is involved in the innervation of the organs of the chest cavity. The pains arising from their defeat simulate pains in the heart – they are sharp, squeezing, appear suddenly.
Two important diagnostic differences are the relationship of pain with breathing (they increase on inspiration, sometimes so much that the patient cannot fully inhale) and the possibility of their occurrence on the left or right side. These pains are not associated with physical activity, which is also an important difference from pain in angina pectoris.
Symptoms associated with impaired blood supply to the brain
The manifestation of such symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women is extremely diverse. The blood supply to the entire brain suffers, and it is impossible to predict which of the departments will be affected the most. The most striking symptoms are persistent headaches. They occur for no apparent reason, are poorly stopped by painkillers. At the same time, unlike migraines, the pains can be dull aching in nature. Perhaps the appearance of atypical pain – toothache, in the eyes, in the throat.
The second noticeable sign is emotional instability. The patient becomes irritable, tearful, touchy. Since osteochondrosis is typical for people of age, it is with this factor that the “spoiled character” of the patient is usually associated. Patients do not get enough sleep, they get more tired from any work, both physical and mental, the efficiency and speed of mental work decreases. These disorders are often considered normal processes, a consequence of female nature or hormonal fluctuations, leaving without treatment.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region
Treatment of osteochondrosis lasts a lifetime and includes a whole range of activities. During remission, the patient is recommended to perform therapeutic exercises for the neck, adherence to the regime of rest and work. With sedentary work, you need to take breaks every hour – perform a short warm-up or self-massage. Massage and relaxation treatments are extremely beneficial. All these measures strengthen the muscles that support the spine in the correct position.
As a drug treatment, chondroprotectors, warming drugs, and the use of foods with calcium are recommended. All this reduces the rate of degradation of cartilage tissue. Additionally, nootropic drugs and B vitamins are prescribed to maintain the functioning of the nervous system. Indirect anticoagulants are recommended to improve blood flow.
During the treatment of exacerbations, the patient is required to limit the motor activity of the neck, take anti-inflammatory and painkillers in tablets and ointments. To prevent nerve damage, wear a Shants collar.
Also interesting: osteochondrosis of the spine during pregnancy