Cane sugar: health benefits or harms24.05.2022
Cane sugar is made from cane juice. This tradition originated in India thousands of years ago. In Russia, cane sugar appeared during the time of Peter I. He established the “sugar chamber” – a department that was engaged in the production and supply of sugar. Sugar was very expensive. Its availability grew as production gained industrial scale.
Refined or unrefined
For the production of sugar, the cane is passed through presses and juice is obtained. The juice is evaporated and the precipitate is allowed to crystallize. This product is called raw sugar. It is very dense and sticky, with an intense taste. Raw sugar is stored before processing, refining.
When refining, molasses (black molasses) is separated from it – the same sugar that contains, in addition to carbohydrates, vitamin B6 and trace elements (iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, etc.).
Brown sugar is refined sugar colored with molasses. The more molasses added to the refined sugar, the richer the color of the product. Molasses gives sugar a specific taste that sets off tea and coffee.
Cane sugar can be used to produce both unrefined and refined sugar. And from refined cane sugar you can get brown sugar 2 .
White or brown: which one is better?
Cane sugar comes in white and brown. White cane sugar is completely free of impurities. By properties, it does not differ from beetroot. Brown cane sugar is coated with a thin layer of molasses, a dark brown thick liquid. Hence the color and mineral elements in the composition. Cane brown sugar contains (per 100 g of product): 40-100 mg of potassium, up to 25 mg of magnesium, 3-4 mg of phosphorus, up to 85 mg of calcium. one
Strictly speaking, both types of sugar do not have beneficial properties. One teaspoon of both white and brown sugar contains 4 g of simple carbohydrates. Nutritionists believe that any sugar is perceived by the body in the same way. And looking for “healthy” sugar is a thankless task.
Any sugar (white, brown, refined, unrefined, cane, beet) consists of 99.9% easily digestible carbohydrates: sucrose, glucose, fructose.
In one teaspoon of unrefined cane sugar:
- 15 kcal;
- 0 g fiber;
- 0 g protein;
- 0 g fat;
- 4 g carbohydrates.
How to distinguish cane sugar
- Cane sugar hardens quickly when exposed to air. After opening the package, it becomes so hard that it has to be broken. However, it does not lose its taste qualities.
- The taste of cane sugar is less sweet (compared to regular sugar).
- Cane sugar has a rich molasses flavor.
Cane sugar is not suitable for making candy. It turns out not lollipops, but “toffee”.
The benefits of cane sugar
The benefit, of course, is very limited. However, like any source of glucose, sugar provides energy. Improves mood by promoting the production of the hormone serotonin.
Excessive consumption of cane (and any other sugar) can lead to diabetes, obesity, heart and liver disease. And a few more words about improving mood. Here, the opposite effect may occur, when a person becomes depressed from a large amount of sweets. There is significant overlap between countries with high sugar consumption and countries with high levels of depression 3 .
Brown sugar contains minerals, so it is healthier than white sugar. However, cane sugar should not be considered as a source of minerals.
- Galitsky S.V. Manufacturing technology and dynamics of cane sugar supplies to Russia // Fundamental research. – 2016. – No. 3-2. – S. 339-343.
- What is Cane Sugar website .
- Cane Sugar: Are There Health Benefits, website .
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